What is Chloracne
Chloracne (chloracne) is an associated systemic poisoning occupational acne, exposure to a variety of halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons due. Chloracne incidence rate has significantly decreased since the 1950s, with the introduction of plastics and chlorinated hydrocarbons replaced by synthetic resin.
Symptoms of Chloracne
Chloracne symptoms: multiple occlusion blackheads and pale yellow cyst located in the the now side "cheek crescent" (malar crescent) and ear, later appeared in the chest, back, abdomen, thighs, penis and scrotum, nose rarely involved ; followed by pustules and abscesses can occur, similar insect-like skin atrophy or acne vulgaris scar left after healing. The other common skin and mucosal lesions including conjunctivitis, hairy, A brown pigmentation of the affected skin pigmentation and increased brittleness. The condition generally aggravated gradually The lesions often subside in 2 to 3 years after the removal of incentives, but may last up to five years.
Chloracne may be associated with systemic involvement, including liver damage or atrophy, delayed cutaneous porphyria (rare) and neuromuscular symptoms (peripheral neuritis).
What Causes Chloracne
[Etiology and pathogenesis of chloracne]
Chemical substances, can cause chloracne hepatotoxicity induced acne largest TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo the-p-dioxin). These substances in the gas, dust, liquids and solids can be through the skin, inhalation and ingestion into the human body and disease, the incubation period of one week to one month. Affected sites include the sebaceous hair follicles (chloracne), endocrine system (neuritis, anxiety).
Tests and Diagnosis for Chloracne
The chloracne's diagnostic tests:
History of exposure to halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, the distribution of parts and the development of yellowish cysts and lesions diagnosis can be made.
Diagnosis of chloracne identify:
With acne vulgaris identification.
Treatments of Chloracne
Treatment ineffective. Avoid pathogenic substances further contact is the key to treatment, topical retinoids, or only a part of the improvement of oral different dimension A acid, and antibiotics is often ineffective.